Featured in the April 2015 edition of Fisheries and co-authored by Wesley Patrick and Jason Link of NOAA Fisheries, this new article helps demystify Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management including clarifying the difference between Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management and multi-sectoral Ecosystem-Based Management.
The scientific literature provides clear and consistent definitions of marine ecosystem-based management and associated terminology. There are three primary levels of ecosystem-based management in relation to marine fisheries that differ by focus area. Full definitions can be found in the paper. From most comprehensive to least comprehensive, the three levels differ by their key focus:
- Ecosystem approaches to fisheries management (EAFM) focus on a single fisheries stock and include other factors that can influence a stock.
- Ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) focuses on the fisheries sector (multiple fisheries).
- Ecosystem-based management (EBM) focuses on multiple sectors, such as fisheries, ecotourism, and oil and gas exploration.