NOAA - Ecosystem Goal Team - To protect, restore and manage the use of coastal and ocean resources through an ecosystem approach to management
Collaborative - Work with a broad spectrum of partners and stakeholders to pool resources and knowledge and share efforts to achieve mutual goals
Many key elements must be in place for collaborative EAM to be effective. The optimal mix of collaborators must voluntarily unite to work together in a partnership for action. A clear vision of what needs to be accomplished must be articulated, along with well-defined goals, responsibilities, and outcomes. People will bring unique contributions to the table and be motivated by diverse incentives. Leadership should be inclusive, encouraging sharing of information and opinions. Decision making processes should be transparent. Partners and stakeholders are part of the solution and realize that their goals will best be achieved by working together.
One of the best models of a collaborative approach can be seen in the work of the Coral Reef Task Force. Twelve federal agencies work together with seven U.S. states, territories, and freely associated states to coordinate their coral reef conservation activities. The Local Action Strategy work plans, which outline goals, objectives and projects to address locally relevant threats to coral reef ecosystems, represent the input of thousands of stakeholders.