Considers Multiple External Influences

Considers Multiple External Influences - Take into account relevant ecological and anthropogenic factors affecting coastal and ocean ecosystems, including those outside NOAA’s authority and the defined regional ecosystem

Considering external influences, factors, and stressors sets EAM apart as a holistic approach to management, as compared to single species or single issue management. In addition to looking at the broad range of influences within a region, we need to try to understand the impact of factors beyond our control. Considering local, state, federal, and international actions and sharing data are also critical to success.

The Chesapeake Bay Program is a prime example of the value and importance of considering external influences. State and federal agencies with authority over every part of the watershed were brought together to develop management plans. In addition to improving the health of the Bay, other important considerations included the need to preserve the integrity of historically valuable fisheries and their dependent communities, while accommodating growing population pressures and tourism.

Ecosystem Programs

Aquaculture Coastal Marine Resources Enforcement
Fisheries Management Protected Species Ecosystem Observations
Coral Reef Conservation Habitat Ecosystem Research